What are the different types of doctors

Doctor names from A to Z in German

After studying human medicine, prospective doctors are still a long way from learning how to do it. Only then does specialization in a sub-area of ​​medicine begin. Before the doctor can begin his specialist examination, he has to gain a few years of practical experience. Even the general practitioner is a specialty in its own right. And even after the specialist examination, medical professionals continue to learn. Then you acquire a lot of additional knowledge that leads to additional qualifications or you specialize in a certain focus within your specialist field.

The technical jargon starts with the name

Many names for specialists or specializations come from Latin or Greek. That is why they are difficult to understand for non-doctors. We explain in German what the different doctors take care of.

- Anesthesiologist / anesthetist: responsible for anesthesia and pain treatment
- Anatom: literally "braggart", explores the structure of the body
- Angiologist: treats diseases of the blood and lymph vessels
- Occupational physicians: mainly deals with the prevention of harm from work and occupational diseases
- Aesthetic surgeon: is responsible for "cosmetic surgery" and cosmetic operations
- biochemist: studies the metabolism of living things
- Dermatologist: Dermatologist
- Endocrinologist: deals with the interaction of hormones and hormonal glands
- Forensic psychiatrist: cares for mentally ill offenders
- Gastroenterologist: Specialist in gastrointestinal disorders
- Gynecologist: Gynecologist
- hematologist: responsible for diseases of the blood and blood formation
- Human geneticists: specializes in the genetic make-up - advises, for example, on inheritable diseases and examines the genome for them
- Internist: Specialist in internal medicine
- cardiologist: Heart specialist
- Neonatologist: Pediatrician specializing in newborn babies
- Nephrologist: Expert in kidney disease
- Neurologist: Specialist in neurology
- Neurosurgeon: specialized in operations that affect the nervous system
- Neuropaediatrician: deals with nervous diseases in children
- Nuclear Medicine: uses radioactive substances in imaging examinations, for example in scintigraphy, SPECT and PET
- Oncologist: treats cancer
- Ophthalmologist: Ophthalmologist
- orthopedist: Expert in the prevention and treatment of disorders of the musculoskeletal system
- Pediatricians: Pediatrician
- pathologist: researches the origin of diseases, examines tissue removed during operations and biopsies, and autopsies corpses
- Pharmacologist: examines the effects of substances, especially drugs
- pulmonologist: active in the field of pulmonary medicine
- Psychiatrist: Expert in the prevention, detection and treatment of mental disorders
- Psychosomatics: Specialist for diseases in which body and soul are closely linked
- Pulmonologist: Another name for pulmonologist, active in the field of pulmonology
- Radiologist: specializes in examining the body with imaging methods, for example X-rays, and in evaluating these images
- Forensic Doctors: deals with all medical matters that are of interest for legal assessments, including examinations, reports, DNA examinations, etc.
- Reproductive medicine: Specialist in human reproduction
- Thoracic surgeon: specializes in operations above the diaphragm, for example on the lungs, pleura and chest wall
- Toxicologist: knows about poisoning and its treatment
- Transfusion specialists: deals with blood transfusions and the collection, storage and provision of blood products
- Urologist: deals with the organs that produce and drain urine, as well as diseases of the male genital organs
- Visceral surgeon: mainly operates on organs below the diaphragm such as the stomach, intestines, liver, spleen and pancreas

Additional designations at a glance

- Andrology: Doctrine of the reproductive function of men
- balneology: Teaching of treatment with baths, drinking cures and inhalations
- Chiropractic: Doctrine of restoring joint function
- diabetology: Doctrine of the treatment of diabetes
- Geriatrics: Doctrine of Diseases of Aging People
- Gynecological exfoliative cytology: Teaching about the implementation and diagnosis of smear tests for the early detection of cervical cancer
- Hemostaseology: Doctrine of blood clotting
- Infectiology: Teaching the treatment of infections
- Naturopathic treatment: Teaching about treatment with natural means such as exercise, plant ingredients and water applications
- Palliative medicine: Doctrine of the alleviation of suffering in advanced, no longer curable diseases
- Phlebology: Teaching about the treatment of venous diseases, for example varicose veins
- Physical therapy: Teaching of treatment with physical methods such as heat, light, electricity, water and massage
- Proctology: Teaching of diseases of the rectum

Note: These lists are not exhaustive. More understandable and well-known terms such as ear, nose and throat doctor or emergency medicine were not explained for reasons of space.