Will Karl Deisseroth win a Nobel Prize

Austrian physician among Nobel Prize favorites

The 54-year-old Gero Miesenböck and two colleagues have a chance of winning the Nobel Prize for Medicine for the development of optogenetics. The Nobel Prizes will be awarded starting next Monday.

The data analysis company Clarivate Analytics has ranked the Austrian neuroscientist Gero Miesenböck (54) from the University of Oxford among the favorites for this year's Nobel Prize in Medicine. Together with Ernst Bamberg and Karl Deisseroth, he was accepted into the 19 “Nobel Class” for the development of optogenetics, who have a chance of receiving the coveted award.

The "Web of Science Group", which belongs to Clarivate, bases its analysis on scientific publications with very high citation values. How often a work has been cited by other specialist colleagues is a measure of the scientific relevance of a researcher's work in addition to the number of publications in specialist journals. Of the approximately 47 million publications recorded in the "Web of Science" since 1970, only 4,900 have been cited at least 2,000 times.

From the group of these highly cited authors, the analysts selected 19 "citation laureates" from seven countries, which they call "Nobel Class". So far, 50 members of this circle have received a Nobel Prize, 29 within two years of being included in the list.

Revolution in neuroscience

Miesenböck, Deisseroth (Stanford University) and Bamberg (Max Planck Institute for Biophysics in Frankfurt / Main ) Chances of winning the Nobel Prize for Medicine.

Miesenböck, born on July 15, 1965 in Braunau am Inn (Upper Austria), studied medicine at the University of Innsbruck. In 1993 he received his doctorate there "sub auspiciis praesidentis". He then went to the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York as a Schrödinger Fellow. From there he moved to Yale University and in 2007 was the first non-British to be appointed to the Waynflete Chair in Physiology at Oxford University.

As further candidates for the Medicine Nobel Prize Dutch molecular geneticist Hans Clevers from the University of Utrecht (for his research on the "Wnt" signaling pathway and its role in stem cells and cancer) and the US researcher couple John Kappler and Philippa Marrack from the National Jewish Health Clinic in Denver (for the Research into the molecular basis of how T cells recognize antigens).

In the physics there are three Nobel Prize favorites: The Polish-British physicist Artur Ekert from Oxford University is named for his contributions to quantum computers and quantum cryptography. The US physicist Tony Heinz from Stanford University was accepted into the "Nobel Prize Class" for his pioneering work on the optical and electronic properties of two-dimensional nanomaterials. And the theoretical US physicist John Perdew of Temple University in Philadelphia has a chance of winning the Nobel Prize, according to Clarivate, because of his contributions to density functional theory that have led to a better understanding of the behavior of materials.

There are six candidates in the chemistry: Rolf Huisgen from the University of Munich and Morten Meldal from the University of Copenhagen could be awarded for the development of a certain chemical reaction in organic chemistry ("1,3-dipolar cycloaddition"). Edwin Southern from the University of Oxford is considered a Nobel Prize favorite because of the method he developed ("Southern Blotting"), which can identify individual genes in the human genome. Finally, Marvin Caruthers from the University of Colorado, Leroy Hood from the Institute for Systems Biology in Seattle and Michael Hunkapiller from the biotech company Pacific Biosciences of California have high chances of receiving the award for their contributions to the automation of DNA sequencing.

As a favorite for the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics Brian Arthur from the Santa Fe Institute, Sören Johansen and Katarina Juselius (both University of Copenhagen) and Ariel Rubinstein from Tel Aviv University were accepted into the "Nobel Prize Class". Arthur is named for his work on the consequences of network effects in economic systems, Johansen and Juselius for developing a method for studying short and long-term effects on economic time series data. The development of formal theoretical economic models, especially those of limited rationality, earned Rubinstein the nomination.

Nobel Peace Prize on October 11th

The Nobel Prize Week starts next Monday (October 7th) with the announcement of the Nobel Prize Laureate (s) in medicine, followed by Physics (October 8th) and Chemistry (October 9th). On Thursday (October 10th) two winners will be announced, for literature of the year 2018 and 2019. The winner of the Nobel Peace Prize will be announced on October 11th, and economics will follow on October 14th. In 2019, as in the previous year, the prizes are each endowed with nine million Swedish kronor (840,000 euros). As every year, the award will be presented on December 10th, the anniversary of the death of the founder Alfred Nobel.

(APA)