How strong was Duryodhana
Duryodhana (Sanskrit: डुर्योधन duryodhana adj. u. m.) difficult to fight, invincible. Duryodhana was the eldest of the hundred sons of Dhritarashtra and king of the Kauravas in the epic Mahabharata. Duryodhana was the eldest son of the blind king Dhritarashtra and his wife Gandhari.
Birth, Education and Family
Dhritarashtra's wife, Gandhari, was pregnant for an unusually long time. Out of anger and envy of Kunti, who had already given birth to three sons, she hit her stomach. A gray mass of flesh then left her body. Gandhari sought advice from the sage Vyasa. He divided the lump of meat into a hundred equal pieces and put each of them in a saucepan with ghee. The pot was sealed and buried for a year. When the year was over, the first pot was opened and Duryodhana emerged from it.
Duryodhana was particularly strong, comparable only to Bhima. He studied with Kripa and Drona and was a master at fighting with the mace. In order to deepen this ability, he continued to study with Balarama and became his favorite student.
Duryodhana was married to Bhanumati, the daughter of Bhagadatta. They had two children, Laxman Kumara and Lakshmana.
Duryodhana दुर्योधन Duryodhana pronunciation
Here you can hear how the Sanskrit word Duryodhana, दुर्योधन, Duryodhana is pronounced:
Duryodhana was raised by his maternal uncle, Shakuni. His goal was to make his sister's children equal to the Pandavas. Behind Duryodhana's actions to humiliate and defeat the Pandavas was the genius of Shakuni. Duryodhana's hatred of the Pandavas stems from his understanding that, as the eldest son of Dhritarashtra, he is the rightful heir to the throne of Hastinapura. Dhritarashtra had renounced the throne due to his blindness and given it to Duryodhana's cousin, Yudhishthira.
His dislike also belonged to Bhima, who had extraordinary powers. He poisoned his food and wanted to drown it in the ganga. But the serpent king Vasuki saved Bhima and told him about Duryodhana's deed. Duryodhana tried, together with his advisor Purochana, to burn the Pandavas in one of the palaces they had built. Vidura managed to get them all out of the palace alive. Bhima locked Purochana in the palace, and so he fell victim to his own plan.
Duryodhana is offended
Indraprastha was on the edge of the Khandava forest. The most beautiful building was the Palace of Illusions. This is where Duryodhana and his entourage lived. Duryodhana sensed that the palace was keeping a secret. Servants came through the wall and asked the guests what they wanted. The courtyard was divided into two parts. The bottom of one part looked like it was a lake, the other part looked like it was made of granite. When Duryodhana approached the supposedly solid part, he fell into the water and was wet from head to toe. The Pandavas laughed. Duryodhana was deeply upset. He sought retribution, and one day the Pandavas will kneel down to beg his mercy.
The Dice Game
Yudhishthira and his four brothers ruled Indraprastha under the suzerainty of Dhritarashtra. Duryodhana envied the prosperity of the Pandavas. Shakuni had the plan to take the kingdom from the Pandavas together with Karna while playing dice. Shakuni knew how to cheat at the game. Shakuni wanted to play against Yudhishthira and win at the gaming table what was impossible on the battlefield.
Yudhishthira gambled everything away. Then he sat his brothers and lost them too. At last he sat himself and lost again. The Pandavas were now the servants of the Kauravas. But that wasn't enough for Shakuni. He provoked Yudhishthira that he had not gambled everything away, he still had Draupadi. To the horror of everyone, Yudhishthira put Draupadi in the next game. Again Shakuni won. Duryodhana ordered his brother Dushasana to bring Draupadi into the hall. Dushasana hurried into Draupadi's room and pulled her by the hair into the gaming room.
Duryodhana asked the Pandavas to take off their clothes. They did so, but everyone was shocked when Duryodhana asked Dushasana to strip Draupadi of her sari. Since her husband could not help her, she prayed to Krishna for protection. Her sari became endlessly long, Dushasana developed layer by layer, the material never ended. To further provoke the Pandavas, Duryodhana bared his thigh and looked Draupadi in the eye, expecting her to sit on them. In a rage, Bhima swore, 'I'll break these thighs one day'.
Shakuni and Duryodhana persuaded Dhritarashtra to invite the Pandavas to play dice again, this time with modified rules. The loser would have to go into exile for twelve years, plus another in anonymity. The Pandavas lost again and were ready to go into exile for thirteen years.
The Kurukshetra War
When the period of exile ended, Duryodhana refused to return Yudhishthira's kingdom, despite objections from Bhishma, Drona, Vidura and Krishna whom he tried to capture. Although Dhritarashtra criticized his son, he secretly wanted Duryodhana to rule and not Yudhishthira.
Duryodhana gathered powerful armies around him. Legendary warriors like Bhishma, Drona, Karna, Kripa, Ashvatthama, Bhagadatta, Shalya were ready to fight for Duryodhana, even if some of them were critical of him. During the war, Duryodhana influenced Bhishma and Drona again and again so that they would take care of his cause. His great hope, however, was Karna. He asked Drona to capture Yudhishthira alive so that he could blackmail the Pandavas into surrendering or start another game of dice.
Duryodhana was involved in the killing of Arjuna's son, Abhimanyu. He was deeply hit when Arjuna killed Jayadratha to redeem Abhimanyu's death. Duryodhana wept a tear after none of his brothers who had fallen on the battlefield. However, when his friend Karna fell, he was heartbroken. On that day he received a special power from his mother, Gandhari. She asked him to show himself naked, she took off her blindfold and transmitted through her eyes the power of the thunderbolt into Duryodhana's body, which became hard as a diamond and invincible.
The final fight between Bhima and Duryodhana
Duryodhana faced the Pandavas and Krishna alone. Yudhishthira offered him to choose one of the Pandava brothers and fight against him, he could also choose the weapon. Should he defeat the Pandava, the winner of the war would be Duryodhana.
Duryodhana chose his arch-rival Bhima, in terms of strength both were equal. After a tough fight, Duryodhana seemed superior to Bhima. At this point in the struggle, Krishna intervened. He signaled Bhima by slapping his thighs with his hand. The purpose of this was to remind Bhima of the vow he made during the dice game to break Duryodhana's thighs in order to avenge Draupadi's humiliation. Bhima attacked Duryodhana with his mace, struck him in the groin and mortally wounded him. Duryodhana could also object that he was defeated by unfair means, because it is against the rule of fighting with the mace to attack the abdomen.
Before he died, he exclaimed: "I don't want to be king anymore. I have lost all interest in the world because it is fleeting. Defeated in battle, I will go to heaven and meet my friends and relatives there. We became defeated by unfair methods. Bhishma, Drona and Karna were invincible. The victory you claim is not an honorable one and your names are defiled. I have always been a good son, a loyal friend and a loving brother. I have been a brave one Warrior and put my foot on the head of those who were against me. I am happy to have fallen on the battlefield and thank everyone who gave their life for me. I am happy to die. "
The Kauravas stayed with Duryodhana until he took his last breath, they swore to fight for him until the end of their lives. Duryodhana was the final victim of the war. Krishna said: "Yes, these men were invincible and fought bravely. But I have to act in accordance with the cosmic order."
Sukadev on Duryodhana
Writing down a video of a lecture by Sukadev on Duryodhana
Duryodhana, literally: hard-to-defeat warrior, opponent of Arjuna in the Mahabharata - Today we are briefly talking about Duryodhana in this Sanskrit lexicon. Another time I will perhaps speak in more detail about all the characters in the Mahabharata and tell more stories. Duryodhana is an important person in the Mahabharata. Duryodhana is the son of Dhritarashtra. Dhritarashtra was the king. He was Pandu's nephew. Pandu was the father of Arjuna, Yuddhishthira and the three other Pandavas. Dhritarashtra was older but born blind, so his younger brother, Pandu, was first crowned king. But because Pandu died early, Dhritarashtra was crowned king after all. And then Duryodhana expected that he would later be crowned king, for Duryodhana was the firstborn of Dhritarashtra. But Yuddhishthira, the son of Pandu, said he had to become king because his father, Pandu, had been king before and had already appointed him heir to the throne. That was a complex story, the normal rules would have said that Yuddhishthira was right, but Duryodhana did not see it. And so, as a teenager, Duryodhana developed various possibilities of an attack to murder Yuddhishthira and the other Pandavas. Duryodhana is therefore not only described as difficult to defeat (from “major” “difficult”; Duryodhana - difficult to defeat warrior), but it is also major in the sense of “bad”, that is, a bad, an evil warrior. But of course nobody calls their child a "bad warrior"; rather, he was so named by his father in the hope that he would become a hard-to-defeat warrior in the sense of striving for good.
But Duryodhana's father was born blind and he was also someone who was blind to his son's weaknesses. So Duryodhana was able to create many problems, bring many people into suffering, kill many people and have them killed, and finally send the Pandavas into exile in order to then start a war that brought many people to their deaths.
But Duryodhana is not all bad. Duryodhana was also brave, he was brave, he could be generous, he could look beyond caste boundaries and so Duryodhana also has his qualities. Ultimately, nobody is completely good, nobody is completely bad. Everyone, deep down, wants the good, and sometimes that good is expressed in good, compassionate, and skillful ways, and sometimes a person's deep longing is expressed in bad actions. Duryodhana was definitely someone who meant well inside. But he was someone who was easily injured, he was hungry for power, greedy for power and he was ready to go over corpses for what he wanted, literally.
Duryodhana, quite a daunting example. It is not enough to be brave, it is not enough to be generous, it is not enough to just be skillful. It is important to be ethical and it is important to act according to ethical guidelines, otherwise you may be successful in the short term, just as Duryodhana was actually able to rule the whole kingdom for thirteen years and became sole ruler, but in the long term it says so beautifully: “Honesty lasts the longest.” Unethical behavior will eventually lead to negative karma. This is also what Duryodhana stands for, as someone who was brave, clever, courageous, but nevertheless acted tyrannically and unethically. Therefore, do not become Duryodhana. You can use some good qualities, Arjuna and Bhima all had good qualities from Duryodhana.
But also combine it with ethical behavior that you do your Dharma, your task, your obligation according to ethical principles. Duryodhana - difficult to defeat warrior, son of Dhritarashtra, opponent of Arjunas.
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