Which language is more simple Thai or Chinese
Thailand Dictionary / Thailand Language
Communication in Thailand
When you visit Thailand, you will usually be with conventional school English mostly in the tourist areas and in the cities well done come. However, if you are planning to travel to the original, somewhat more remote parts of Thailand to get to know the country and its people, it is advisable to master a few bits of Thai. On the one hand you can make yourself understood more easily and on the other hand the Thais are always delighted when a foreign guest tries to express himself in their national language.
General information about the Thai language
Thai or “Thai” for short is the colloquial as well as the official language in this country, although different regional dialects are also spoken depending on the part of the country. The standard language, comparable to our standard German, is primarily at home in Bangkok and the surrounding area. When you first listen to it, Thai seems very strange and relatively complicated for European ears. The pronunciation also takes a little getting used to at first, but with a little practice and a good ear, Thai can be learned relatively well. It is by no means bad if you make small mistakes.
As a matter of courtesy, the Thais appreciate it very much when the western tourists, the so-called “farangs” at least make an effort. Even small words like “thank you”, “please” or “sorry” have a big impact on the locals. At the end of this page you will find a small list of the most common expressions and idioms. which can make your stay in Thailand a little easier.
The Thai script
Thai contains influences of the Chinese language as well as a mixture of them Sanskrit, Khmer and Pali. Unlike the Chinese or Japanese characters, the font is a letter font. With 42 consonants and 32 vowels Thai is quite letter-intensive and reading the script is also a little complicated by European standards. Although the reading direction of the consonants is also from left to right, some of the vowels can be in front of, above or below the consonants.
Also knows the script no spaces between words or syllables, which makes it a little difficult to figure out the end of a word. A further complication is that with the Thai script as well any punctuation marks, such as a period, exclamation point, question mark, or comma absence. There are also no upper and lower case letters. However, if Thai is written in Latin, it is relatively easy for Europeans to empathize with this language.
Grammatically speaking, Thai is a fairly simple language because there are no different verb forms for different tenses or people. When pronouncing the "R" is always rolled. An "H" after "P", "K" or "T" is not pronounced. On the other hand, it is more complicated when it comes to pronunciation correct pitch to hit, because depending on the pitch, the words and syllables can have different meanings. A distinction is made between neutral, low, falling, high and rising tone. In conversations, men and women also use different politeness syllables that come at the end of the respective phrase. In women, this particle is "Khâ" and in men "Khráb". This becomes clear in the greeting (sa | wàt di). For example, women say sa | wàt di khâ while men say sa | wàt di khráb.
The history of the Thai language
The Thai language originated at the time when the first Thai state was established and the Buddhist religion was made the main religion. That was around the year 1200 AD. The Thai script with influences from Sanskrit and Pali was dated back then King Ramkhamhaeng developed. Original Thai words are always monosyllabic. But there are a large number of foreign or loan words from Sanskrit, Pali, Chinese, Khmer, Malay, Vietnamese, Japanese, English, French or Portuguese that are polysyllabic. In the 19th century, the Thai language continued to develop, the first printed script was introduced, and the country's literature was able to spread worldwide. In 1927 the first Thai dictionary was published.
If you are traveling as a traveler and you can a little in Thai communicate, the locals always do that very much positively received. Since friendliness and respect play a major role in Thailand, the ice is broken so quickly. The Thais understand this as a sign that they are showing an interest in the culture and way of life of the country's inhabitants. As friendly as the Thais may be towards strangers, they are also reserved. With a few Thai idioms and phrases you can get even the smallest conversation going. There are also a number of practical benefits to knowing a little of the local language. For example, you will be based on the market Communicate with Thai, it may happen that you just don't better prices, but also get higher quality goods. The dealers treat you as equals and not as a "farang".
If you have already dealt with the language a little before your trip, there is also the option of im vacation at Language courses to take part. In Thailand there are already language schools offering Thai courses and Trial lessons for foreigners to offer. Certainly also because Thailand has long been considered a popular destination for long-term vacationers and emigrants. In Chiang Mai, for example, you can use the language as part of a Language and culture trip of the north. Here the culture and the language of Thailand is conveyed in an entertaining and varied way.
Useful phrases and common expressions for your Thailand tour
- Good day good evening - Sawàt di khráb (khâ)
- sorry - Kho thot
- Many Thanks - Cape khun khràp
- Yes No - Tchaï / May tchaï
- How are you? - Sabai ïdi mai?
- I understand / I don't understand - Khâo jai / Mâi khâo jai
- How much does it cost? - Rakha thao-raï?
- I like it / I don't like it - Châwp / Mâi châwp
- That is a good price - Raa-khaa thuuk
- It is too expensive - Phaeng koen pai!
- I would like to buy this - Yaak yeah séu
- Just browsing - Duu choe choe
the numbers in Thai
- one – Noeng
- two – Soong
- three – Saam
- four – you
- five – Haa
- six - Hok
- seven - Tjed
- eight - Peid
- nine - Kaauw
- ten - Sib
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