Many countries suffer from globalization, why
Ever since the Internet and e-mail have existed, people all over the world have been able to exchange information, photos or films in a matter of seconds. With the help of modern airplanes, ships or trains it is also possible today to reach any point on earth. It has therefore become much easier for politicians, companies, organizations or private individuals to make contacts around the world, to develop international projects or to do business. The ever closer international relationships and networks are called globalization. The word 'global' literally means 'spanning the world'.
What does globalization mean in concrete terms?
Many of the products that we use or eat every day do not come from Germany. This applies to pineapples, coffee or many computers, for example. These products are manufactured or grown in other countries and then brought to Germany. Some goods have traveled the world before they end up in our stores. The way of a normal pair of jeans looks something like this: The cotton for the denim is grown in India. After the harvest, it is brought to China and spun into threads there.
The cotton thread is then dyed in Taiwan and then transported to Poland for weaving. In the Philippines, the individual pieces of fabric are sewn together to make trousers. Only then does the jeans come to Germany. But not only goods are produced and sold globally today. Music, films and fashion trends are also spreading faster and faster all over the world.
Globalization has many advantages ...
There are many good sides to global trade. For example, we can buy strawberries all year long, although we only grow them in summer. Large companies can have their goods manufactured where they have to pay the lowest wages and taxes. This saves you money and allows you to sell your product at a low price. That's good for buyers. The countries in which companies produce cheaply are usually very poor. The fact that new factories are being built there means that many people get jobs. In addition, these countries can also sell their products, such as rice or coffee, worldwide.
... and many disadvantages
When large companies have their products manufactured abroad, we have fewer jobs. In addition, the German government then receives less taxes. The disadvantages of globalization for poorer countries are particularly bad. The rich states can choose where they have their goods manufactured and look for the cheapest offers. In order to get orders, the poor countries are forced to produce cheaper and cheaper, so that in the end they hardly earn anything. Although the wages of the workers in the factories are mostly very low, they often have to work many hours a day. Many families also send their children to the factories to survive.
In many countries, no attention is paid to protecting workers from toxic substances or dust. Many people therefore get sick from their work. The environment is also suffering from globalization: production in poorer countries is also so cheap because there is often little or no attention to the environment there. For example, toxic waste is often not properly disposed of and endangers the people and animals that live there. In many countries around the world, critics of globalization have come together to do something about the negative effects. The group 'attac', which is active in 50 countries, including Germany, is particularly well-known.
Status: 23.03.2010, 11:15 am
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