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Relaxed through the day with cannabis? 11 things you need to know about the CBD hype

Anyone who has ever felt the relaxing effects of marijuana will wonder why cannabis is illegal. Maybe because a population that is relaxed is unproductive? Be that as it may, cannabis still has a bad reputation, and it is one of the oldest crops in the world. For at least ten thousand years, the fibers of the hemp plant have been used to make clothing, paper, food and fuel. The psychoactive effects of cannabis have also been known for more than 3000 years. Cannabis doesn't just get you high: the effects of another active ingredient in cannabis have been investigated for several decades: CBD is the name of the miracle stuff that everyone is talking about now. We answer the most important questions about CBD and its (side) effects.

1. What is CBD?

CBD is a cannabinoid from female hemp and, along with THC, one of the main active ingredients in cannabis. In contrast to THC, however, CBD is not psychoactive. Products made from CBD, for example CBD oil, also contain vitamins such as B1, B2 and E, proteins and various minerals such as potassium, calcium, magnesium, copper, iron, sodium, phosphorus and zinc.

2. What is the difference to THC?

Tetrahydrocannabiol is the psychoactive and intoxicating component of cannabis that produces the notorious high and can lead to psychological dependence. The more THC there is in a plant, the lower the amount of CBD it contains. Since many people who smoke cannabis want to get high, the ratio of THC to CBD in some cannabis plants can be as high as 250 to 1, which can lead to a crazier high and, in the worst case, anxiety and paranoia.

3. How does CBD work?

CBD is said to work wonders. It is said to help with inflammation and inflammation-related pain, epilepsy, schizophrenic psychosis, stress, burnout, sleep disorders, migraines, nausea and vomiting. The list could go on forever. In short: CBD doesn't get you high, it has relaxing effects on the body. CBD is even being tested to fight breast cancer, and CBD is also part of a drug against multiple sclerosis. What is important, however, is that there have not yet been any long-term studies that prove all of these effects one hundred percent.

4. How fast does CBD work?

As with any active ingredient and with cannabis itself, CBD products work at different rates for each person. The dose, body weight and area of ​​application play a major role here. In general, it is advisable to find out about the amount of CBD contained in a product before taking it and to start with a low dose in order to determine the effect on your own body. Many sites therefore advise starting with a dose of 25 milligrams of CBD per day. Professional advice on taking CBD is recommended.

5. Why does CBD work so well?

Cannabis contains over 100 cannabinoids that act on the human body. The human nervous system is equipped with cannabinoid receptors to which the active ingredients can dock. These receptors are located in the central nervous system, the immune, digestive, and reproductive systems. To do this, the human body produces so-called endocannabinoids, which attach to the same receptors. Cannabinoids help with food regulation, fine motor skills, orientation and sensory perception. "And maybe it is the substances that are behind the euphoria after the sport", as it is called in the Netflix documentary "Explained".

Weed, explained

The oldest traces of recreational cannabis date back a stunning 2,700 years. Pot has co-evolved with humans ever since.

But what does the future hold for this plant?

Watch this week’s episode of Explained, all about weed, featuring Michael Pollan and narrated by Kevin Smith, now on Netflix:

Posted by Vox on Wednesday, July 25, 2018

6. Are there any side effects? Who Shouldn't Take CBD?

CBD is generally considered safe, but it can inhibit the effects of some herbs. Anyone who takes medication should therefore consult a doctor beforehand. Other side effects may include dry mouth, low blood pressure, drowsiness, and drowsiness. Here, too, the following applies: So far, there are no long-term studies on the side effects, which is why reliable statements cannot be made 100 percent.

7. Is CBD suitable for children?

So far, there have been few studies on the effects of CBD on children. In some studies of children with epilepsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, taking CBD medications showed improvement in symptoms. In general, however, it should be taken under medical advice, because children are in the development stage and here, too, the consequences of CBD consumption are still largely unexplored.

8. Is CBD addictive?

No, even the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that in a comprehensive report (read here) at the end of 2017 that deals with the mode of action of CBD. In an additional article, the ECDD (Expert Committee on Drug Dependence) confirms that CBD is unlikely to be abused or creates addiction.

9. In what form can I buy CBD?

CBD is now available in countless products: you can of course continue to smoke it, or you can smear it on your body as a cream, eat it as ice cream or gummy bears, massage yourself in with oil, swallow capsules or mix hemp powder into your smoothie. In Germany, CBD is declared as a dietary supplement, so that you can buy CBD preparations not only in pharmacies, but now also in supermarkets, in drugstores such as Rossmann and dm or online in numerous shops. In some Spätis there are also non-psychoactive hemp flowers for smoking. Utopia reports that Lidl sells hemp in Switzerland and wants to develop Coca-Cola beverages containing cannabis.

10. Is CBD Legal?

Since 1996, farmers have been allowed to grow CBD-rich industrial hemp, which has a low THC content, which is mainly processed into renewable plastics, paper or clothing. CBD products with a THC content below 0.2 percent are legal and can be freely sold. In Bavaria, for example, Josef Bayer operates Germany's first self-picking hemp field, as Vice reports. Nonetheless, growing cannabis plants that contain more than 0.2% THC is still illegal.

11. What happens if I am stopped by the police?

The purchase and possession of CBD products with a THC content of less than 0.2 percent is legal in Germany. The German jurisprudence states that one must not have more than 0.1 gram of marijuana or hashish. In Berlin, the upper limit (as of October 16, 2017) is 15 grams, "if there is no danger to others."