How do you learn Japanese 1
Learn japanese: This way you can prepare well linguistically
If you already know a little about the Japanese language, you will surely view this heading with suspicion. Rightly so! Japanese is not considered to be one of the most difficult languages in the world for nothing and to master it for your student exchange in Japan or your internship in the land of the rising sun there is actually only one method: learning, learning and even more learning.
Our representative and former exchange student Luise will give you valuable tips for learning this exciting and challenging language.
Diligence and perseverance are Japanese virtues that you can already apply while learning the language. Even if you have the feeling: "I can never do that!" - stay tuned! It helps to be very clear about everything that goes into learning Japanese:
The Japanese use four different writing systems in everyday life. The good news: you can already do one of them! Romaji - our alphabet - is now being used more and more in Japan. But it doesn't work without the two syllabary scripts Hiragana and Katakana. Before you go to Japan, you should master these.
In addition to the traditional index card learning system, there are various apps and learning platforms that can help you with this (mostly in English). We find the following two links very helpful:
Once you have mastered hiragana and katakana, you can slowly begin to learn the Chinese characters kanji. Everyone has different learning preferences here: https://www.tofugu.com/japanese/kanji-study-methods/
Particles, polite language, copula, verb forms, adjectives and the like - since Japanese grammar is so different, it is actually best learned with a teacher. If there is no adult education center or private language school in your area that offers Japanese, it is worth asking about Japanese teachers and native speakers in German-Japanese societies, groups of friends, universities or other institutes with a connection to Japan.
But here, too, there are modern helpers on the Internet:
Before going to Japan, you should be able to ask (ka), ask (te-form) and talk about yourself, your hobbies and your day. And it doesn't matter if it takes you a long time to form sentences or if you are missing words - you will learn that in Japan "on the side".
3. Vocabulary and feeling for language
The hardest thing about learning the Japanese language is that it is so closely related to the culture and mentality of the Japanese. If you haven't sucked it in with your breast milk, it's almost impossible to really speak Japanese fluently. But don't be discouraged - Japanese people love every single word you say in their language!
To empathize with the Japanese soul and language, films and videos in Japanese, (letter and online) friendships with Japanese and reading Japanese (children's) books help.
Set yourself goals while learning, e.g .: five syllables and five vocabulary every day, one grammar lesson per week, watch 15 minutes of film every evening, then you will make progress very quickly! So: 頑 張 っ て 下 さ い。
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