Where does the Norwegian language come from


The Norwegian language is the language of the western group of the Scandinavian (North Germanic) branch of the Germanic languages, a subfamily of the Indo-European languages. Norwegian is spoken by around 4.5 million people and, like the other Scandinavian languages, emerged from an ancient, common Scandinavian language, the origin of which can be found in runic inscriptions up to the 3rd century BC. Can be traced back.

The extensive dialectal changes that occurred during the time of the Vikings (around 800 to 1050) gave rise to Old Norse, from which the language spoken today derives. Due to the migration movements of the Vikings, the Old Norse spread to Iceland and other areas of the North Atlantic. The Latin alphabet, introduced at the same time as Christianity, replaced the runic characters. In the 11th century, a separate Norwegian written language emerged, Old Norwegian (around 1050 to 1350). In the centuries that followed, Norwegian was influenced by Danish, Swedish, and Low German. From 1380 to 1814, when Norway and Denmark were united under the Danish crown, Danish influence was predominant.

Danish, the official language in Norway since the Kalmar Union of 1397, also became a written Norwegian language in the 16th century. Danish was spoken mainly by the educated classes in the cities. The Norwegian dialects, on the other hand, remained in use in rural areas and among working people and the urban middle class. This prevented the development of an independent Norwegian writing culture until independence in 1814. During the 19th century, Norwegian developed into a Danish-Norwegian mixed language, the structure and vocabulary of which came mainly from Danish, but which was spoken with Norwegian pronunciation and was also grammatically influenced by Norwegian. This language was later called Riksmål (“Imperial Language”) and made the Norwegian official language. Many writers such as the poet and playwright Henrik Ibsen wrote in this language.

In the period that followed, however, a strong national consciousness created a desire for a language that the people could see as their own. As a result, the linguist Ivar Aasen developed a new national written language in the middle of the 19th century, which was called Landsmål ("land language").


Norway in a motorhome - how else?

The northernmost of the three Scandinavian countries is Norway. The uninhabited expanses, the lonely lakes, but also the cozy cities are typical of this country, which has been a model democratic state for years. Because although King Harald V is at the head of the constitutional monarchy, the country is governed democratically. The population is tolerant and open. This is exactly why Norway is such a popular travel destination for tourists from all over the world. Above all, however, people from neighboring European countries like to travel a lot with their motorhomes in Norway. Especially in the summer months, motorhomes are part of the streetscape in Norway. Renting a motorhome in Norway is very easy and can either take place before the trip or upon arrival at the international airport or one of the many ferry ports in the country. Norway's road network is quite well developed at around 90,000 kilometers. However, around 20,000 kilometers of these roads are unpaved. Motorhomes in Norway enable individual and independent travel. One should deal with the local traffic rules in advance in order to avoid unpleasant encounters with the guardians of the law. In addition, when traveling with a motorhome in Norway, it happens again and again that you have to continue your journey with a ferry. But not all ferries in Norway can also transport motorhomes.

There are suitable motorhomes for Norway here: http://www.wohnmobil-helden.de/wohnmobil-norwegen.html

You can also rent a motorhome for Norway from the comfort of your own home. Some providers specialize in Norway motorhomes and offer a lot of additional information about a Norway motorhome trip. The contrast between the modern metropolises in the metropolitan areas and the very sparsely populated areas in the north of the country is particularly attractive. Many Norway motorhome travelers start or end their vacation with a visit to the state capital Oslo, where not only the seat of government is located, but also the castle of the royal family, which is also one of the most important sights. From Oslo, many travelers travel by motorhome to Norway, as is known from advertising brochures. Often one of the lakes in the lonely forests of the high altitude regions, which are also richly depicted, is the destination. For such trips you can rent a motorhome to get to know Norway individually. The fjords have always had a special attraction for visitors. Entire cruises have these bizarre crevices and formations as their destination. Norway also offers many parks, national parks and waterfalls, such as the Plitvice waterfalls. Renting a motorhome in Norway can lead to these natural beauties in a different way. Because the motorhome in Norway offers a mobility that hardly any other means of transport. Since tourism is one of the major economic factors in Norway, the corresponding infrastructure is well developed. The many campsites in all regions of the country offer good service as standard. Renting a motorhome in Norway is therefore unproblematic and hardly requires any prior knowledge. However, it is certainly more convenient to choose your Norway motorhome before the trip, especially since the luggage can then be stowed in the Norway motorhome on the doorstep. Well equipped with everything you need, but in any case with good travel planning and up-to-date maps, the journey can be started carefree, independently and individually.

Under pressure from the Landsmål movement, the Riksmål has undergone a number of important reforms that have taken great account of Norwegian pronunciation and spelling. Both languages ​​were officially renamed in 1929: Riksmål became Bokmål (“book language”) and Landsmål became Nynorsk (“New Norwegian”). Both languages ​​are treated equally in the jurisprudence and both must be taught in schools. Bokmål, still the leading language, is most strongly represented in Eastern Norway and Nynorsk in Western Norway. Both languages ​​are still subject to change and are still the subject of discussion.