George Orwell was a Jew

ÖH Uni Vienna

Orwell had not written in 1984 with the intention of agitating against socialism or the Labor Party; Rather, with his novel he wanted to draw attention to the fact that totalitarianism (1) could also prevail in the West if it is not countered with enough determination. The left-liberal reception, on the other hand, was mostly limited to the technical monitoring aspects of the book. The criticism of historiography, the reorganization of the language, the abandonment of the concept of truth and the decline of the legal system were, however, excluded: For on these issues, many left-liberal and postmodern recipients would themselves have been hit by Orwell's criticism. The purely anti-communist reading of his books cannot be blamed on the socialist Orwell. He wrote his criticism to save the idea of ​​a liberated society, and in his life he never made a secret of his sympathy for a sensibly organized world. In his text To prevent literature From 1946 he wrote: “One can agree with one thing, and most enlightened people do this too: that, as the communists explain, true freedom is only possible in a classless society and that today he is almost free who is The creation of such a society is struggling. ”(2) Despite his involvement in the left-wing socialist Partido Obrero de Unificación Marxista (POUM) During the Spanish Civil War, the radical left was not spared from his cutting criticism. That she met the criticism was due to two circumstances: her supporters or at least her tolerance of Stalinist politics and her pacifism in the Second World War.

Objectively speaking, the pacifist is pro-Nazi. (3) (George Orwell)

Contrary to their own self-portrayal, the groups and parties to the left of the Labor Party had not covered themselves with fame in the fight against the Nazis. When German fighter planes bombed Britain, a large part of the British left-wing extremists took refuge in an abstract pacifism and condemned Britain's imperialist war. Orwell, who was in favor of the war, had no choice but to write, disappointed, in 1940: “I was a member of the Independent Labor Party, but resigned at the beginning of the current war because I believed that these people were talking nonsense and following a political direction that could only facilitate Hitler's plans. ”(4) As someone who took anti-Semitism (5) seriously knew Orwell also asked which question was the litmus test for pacifism: "What happens to the Jews?" The question is whether one simply wants to watch their extermination and what other means than war remain for the annihilation of the Jews to prevent. Because: "When and where did a modern industrial state collapse, unless it was conquered from outside by military means?" (6) With the exception of Gandhi, all pacifists have avoided this question, and he has the question in answered with a clarity that should have aroused self-loathing in every pacifist. Gandhi pleaded for a collective suicide of the Jews in order to rouse Germany and the world against Hitler. After the war he justified this with the fact that the Jews would have died anyway (7). In addition to his criticism of pacifism, Orwell draws attention to another aspect that is still powerful today: "The truth becomes falsehood when the enemy speaks up." (8) War crimes, which were just believed, the British left doubted from the time the British government also took it into focus. If the left in Great Britain knew very well about what was going on in Germany before 1938, after Great Britain entered the war against Germany, it even doubted the existence of the Gestapo. Of course, Orwell made no friends with such analyzes in large parts of the left. But his claim to truth was more important to him than flattering people who happened to have some idea of ​​socialism. Orwell wrote in 1948: "Perhaps it is not even a bad sign for a writer today to be suspected of reactionary tendencies, just as it would have been a bad sign twenty years ago not to be suspected of sympathy for communism." )

Remarks:

1 Orwell's concept of totalitarianism reads very class-struggle and is based on the Marxist theories of fascism of his time: “A society always becomes totalitarian when its structure is obviously artificial, that is, when the ruling class loses its actual function and only gets by Violence or deceit clings to power. ”George Orwell: Vengeance is sour. Zurich 1975, pp. 88-89
2 Ibid., P. 81
3 George Orwell: All Propaganda is Read. London 1998, p. 40
4 George Orwell: Revenge Sucks. Zurich 1975, p. 8
5 He located anti-Semitism not only in Europe; In his enumeration of the supporters of fascism, in addition to the European Nazi collaborators, there are also the names Ezra Pound, Father Coughlin and the Mufti of Jerusalem. In a travelogue about Marrakech he wrote about the anti-Semitism he found there as early as 1939. (George Orwell: Inside the Whale. Zurich 1975, p. 81)
6 George Orwell: Revenge Sucks. Zurich 1975, p. 26
7 Ibid., P. 167 8 Ibid., P. 16 9 Ibid., P. 179