What is the absolutist theory

Hanisauland: Lexicon @todo: from Preprocess

absolutism

In a nutshell
This describes a form of government in Europe in the 17th century. There was no democracy back then. Individual rulers alone determined the laws and rules of a state.

Form of government in 17th / 18th centuries century

Today queens like the Queen in England or Felipe VI. Do not make political decisions alone in Spain. Popularly elected parliaments and governments determine politics in these countries. This was different in the time when absolutism was the predominant form of government. Absolutism developed in Europe after the end of the Thirty Years War (1648) and was ended by the French Revolution (1789).

“I am the state.” - King Louis XIV of France

Unrestricted rulers
A single ruler, the monarch, ruled in absolutism without resistance. He stood above the people and all laws, felt himself chosen by God for this work. The saying of Louis XIV, the so-called "Sun King", is famous and characteristic of this form of rule. This absolutist ruler proclaimed: "I am the state" (in French, because the king spoke French: "L'état c'est moi").

FAQ / Frequently Asked Questions

(Frequently Asked Questions - this is the English translation of "frequently asked questions")

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