Which communist countries are developed

communism

The term communism is derived from the Latin communis off, that means as much as together. Communism is a concept of rule and politics that proceeds from the premise that there is no private ownership of the means of production and that all property belongs to everyone. That is why there is also state economic planning (planned economy). The state determines who has to perform which tasks. In this way, an ideal social order should emerge.
The concept of communism works Karl Marx (1818-1883) and was from Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (1870–1924) (which is why one often speaks of Marxism-Leninism). The first communist country was the USSR. After the October Revolution of 1917 Russia became communist, the new name of the state was USSR from 1922 (Union dhe ssocialist S.owjetrepublics; Soviet Union).
Was from 1924 to 1953 Joseph Stalin (1878–1953) General Secretary of the Communist Party of the USSR (CPSU). Numerous crimes were committed during his term of office - millions of people had to die (show trials, purges, mass expulsions - see totalitarianism, Gulag, ethnic "purges").
Communism prevailed in China in 1949 (Mao Zedong, 1893–1976), Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia and Albania also became communists in these years.
In communist states there was / is usually only one political party, the communist party. At the head of the state there was / is usually a central committee that made / makes all the important decisions.
The time of communist systems in Europe came to an end between 1989 and 1991. Today communism only exists in a few countries (e.g. in Cuba, North Korea, China and Vietnam). Communist parties, however, still exist in many countries (such as the KPÖ - Communist Party of Austria in Austria).

The international
Anthem of socialism and communism

Wake up damned of this earth
which still force you to starve!
The right like embers in the crater herd
now pushes for a breakthrough.
Clear the table with the adversary!
Army of slaves, wake up!
To be a nothing no longer carries it
To become everything flows in abundance!
Folks, hear the signals!
On to the last stand!
The international
fights for the human right.
No higher being will save us
no god, no emperor, no tribune.
To deliver us from misery
we can only do it ourselves!
Empty word: the poor man's right,
Empty word: the rich man's duty!
We are called minors and servants,
do not tolerate the shame any longer!
Folks, hear the signals!
On to the last stand!
The international
fights for the human right.
In town and country, you workers,
we are the strongest of the parties
Push the idler aside!
This world must be ours.
Our blood is no longer the raven,
and eat the mighty vultures!
Only when we have driven them away
then the sun shines without ceasing!
Folks, hear the signals!
On to the last stand!
The international
fights for the human right.

Original French text by Eugène Pottiers
Translation: Emil Luckhardt


© Copyright 2008 by Verlag Jungbrunnen, Vienna, on behalf of the Austrian Ministry of Education.
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